COVID-19 Intellectual Property and Data Sharing Collaborations


Last updated: January 28, 2021 || Created: May 1, 2020

About this page

This page collects links to intellectual property collaborations (related primarily to patent law) and to data sharing hubs (related primarily to research data) directed to investigating and treating COVID-19 infections.

It includes links to information and data sharing collaborations of many sorts, including biobanks related to COVID-19 and other relevant research collaborations, in the public sector, the private sector, in universities and other research enterprises, in NGOs, and blends of all of these.

Why this page

The motivation is highlighting the myriad ways in which institutional collaborations have emerged and are evolving to deal with a large scale public health need, in the near term and over the long term.

In the near term, read Ali Okhowat, Sharing tools and data will help us beat COVID-19, World Economic Forum, 17 April 2020.

Also: World Health Organization (WHO), Making the response to COVID-19 a public common good / Solidarity Call to Action

In the long term, that motivation arises from the long-term research agenda on knowledge, information, and data governance known as “knowledge commons.” For an introduction to the “knowledge commons” framework and its relevance to data sharing in the public health context, see Michael J. Madison, Biobanks as Knowledge Institutions, in Global Genes, Local Concerns: Legal, Ethical, and Scientific Challenges in International Biobanking (Timo Minssen, Janne Rothmar Herrmann, and Jens Schovsbo eds.) (Edward Elgar Publishing, 2019) (available here as a free download).

Who created this page

This page is maintained by Professor Michael Madison, at the University of Pittsburgh School of Law, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. Corrections, clarifications, and additions may be shared via email at madison [at] pitt [dot] edu and/or on Twitter @profmadison.

Category 1: Intellectual Property collaborations

Patent and Technology Pools

Patent Pledges and Open Licensing Collaborations

Other Patent Pledges and Flexible Licenses

Category 2: Data Sharing and Computation collaborations

Commitments and Priorities

Sharing research data and findings relevant to the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak (Wellcome Trust and others) (31 January 2020) (extending the Statement on data sharing in public health emergencies (1 February 2016)


The World Health Organization is publishing a “COVID-19 Open” data sharing protocol. Read Vasee Moorthy, et al., Data sharing for novel coronavirus (COVID-19), Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2020; 98:150. DOI:

Plan(s), Strategies, and Coordination

Resource Collections

Shared Data, Analytics, and Metrics

Shared Research and Literature Reviews

Category 3: COVID-19 Biobanks and Libraries

Category 4: Vaccine-Related collaborations

Category 5: Tools and Services

Proposals re Electronic Health Records (EHRs)

“Accelerating Data Infrastructure For COVID-19 Surveillance And Management” [14 April 2020] (Aaron Miri, Daniel P. O’Neill, Health Affairs Blog)

“What the Coronavirus Crisis Reveals About American Medicine” [27 April 2020] (Siddartha Mukherjee, The New Yorker)

Proposals re Monitoring

“A Global lmmunological Observatory to meet a time of pandemics” [8 June 2020] (Michael J Mina, C Jessica E Metcalf, Adrian B McDermott, Daniel C Douek, Jeremy Farrar, and Bryan T Grenfell, eLife)

Open Tools and Visualizations

Shared Legal Analysis: COVID-related risks and liabilities

To the extent possible under law, Michael Madison has waived all copyright and related or neighboring rights to “COVID-19 Intellectual Property and Data Sharing Collaborations.” This work is published from: United States.